“The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent persistently to them by his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place. But they kept mocking the messengers of God, despising his words and scoffing at his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD rose against his people, until there was no remedy.” – 2 Chronicles 36:16,17
The Chronicler summarizes the work of God throughout the time of kings. God had pursued his people according to the covenant between them and God. He had sent messengers to warn them, to call them to be faithful to God, but they did not listen. They maintained their unfaithful despising of God’s covenantal pursuit of them. So God in his sovereignty brought the punishment of wrath on them in the form of exile.
“Let him go up.” – 36:23
The phrase, “let him go up,” is a final statement of the centrality of the temple for the future hope of Israel (the temple is “up” on a hill, hence the Israelites would “ascend the hill of the LORD” [Psalm 24:3]). The line of David is associated with the temple, and an eternal kingdom will come through the line of David, with a king who will secure the worship of God by God’s people forever. According to the Chronicler, this is the future hope of Israel. They should wait patiently for this hope, being faithful to God and seeking him at this temple.
Jesus is the hope of Israel, the king who has secured the worship of God in us forever, redeeming us and making us “a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that [we] may proclaim the excellencies of him who called [us] out of darkness into his marvelous light” (1 Peter 2:9).